Tragedy, Lyric Poetry, New Comedy, Satire, Epic Poetry, and Much More
Classical Literature






 
  - Introduction
  - Ancient Greece
  - Ancient Rome
  - Other Ancient Civilizations
  - Timeline
  - Alphabetical List of Authors
  - Index of Individual Works
  - Index of Important Characters
  - Sources
 
 
 
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Luke Mastin
 

 
INDEX OF IMPORTANT CHARACTERS

Here is a list of some of the important characters appearing in classical literature (particularly those who appear in several different works) and the plays and poems in which they appear. In general, I have not included the gods (e.g. Zeus, Apollo, Hera, Poseidon, etc) who appear in many works, usually in relatively minor roles, except where they are used as major characters in a work (e.g. Dionysus, Prometheus, etc). Neither have I included the more minor characters. The search facility can be used to narrow down appearances of other characters not listed here.

Also, you can move your mouse over the character's name (the brighter green links) to see some very quick information on that figure in mythology.

Achilles
Homer: “The Iliad”
Euripides: “Iphigenia at Aulis”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Aegeus
Euripides: “Medea”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Aegisthus
Homer: “The Odyssey”
Aeschylus: “Agamemnon” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Aeschylus: “The Libation Bearers” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Sophocles: “Electra”
Euripides: “Electra”
Seneca the Younger: “Agamemnon”
Aeneas
Ovid: “The Aeneid”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Agamemnon
Homer: “The Iliad”
Aeschylus: “Agamemnon” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Sophocles: “Ajax”
Euripides: “Hecuba”
Euripides: “Iphigenia at Aulis”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Agamemnon”
Seneca the Younger: “Troades”
Seneca the Younger: “Thyestes”
Ajax
Homer: “The Iliad”
Sophocles: “Ajax”
Alcestis
Euripides: “Alcestis”
Amphitryon
Euripides: “Heracles”
Seneca the Younger: “Hercules Furens”
Andromache
Homer: “The Iliad”
Euripides: “Andromache”
Euripides: “The Trojan Women”
Seneca the Younger: “Troades”
Antigone
Aeschylus: “Seven Against Thebes”
Sophocles: “Antigone”
Sophocles: “Oedipus at Colonus”
Euripides: “The Phoenician Women”
Seneca the Younger: “Phoenissae”
Atreus
Seneca the Younger: “Thyestes”
Bacchus
(also known as Dionysus)
Hesiod: “Theogony”
Euripides: “The Bacchae”
Aristophanes: “The Frogs”
Beowulf
Anonymous: “Beowulf”
Cassandra
Aeschylus: “Agamemnon” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Euripides: “The Trojan Women”
Seneca the Younger: “Agamemnon”
Circe
Homer: “The Odyssey”
Apollonius of Rhodes: “The Argonautica”
Clytemnestra
Homer: “The Odyssey”
Hesiod: “Theogony”
Aeschylus: “Agamemnon” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Aeschylus: “The Libation Bearers” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Sophocles: “Electra”
Euripides: “Electra”
Seneca the Younger: “Agamemnon”
Creon of Corinth
Euripides: “Medea”
Seneca the Younger: “Medea”
Creon of Thebes
Sophocles: “Antigone”
Sophocles: “Oedipus the King”
Sophocles: “Oedipus at Colonus”
Euripides: “The Phoenician Women”
Seneca the Younger: “Oedipus”
Danaus
Aeschylus: “The Suppliants”
Deianeira
Sophocles: “The Trachiniae”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Demophon
Euripides: “Heracleidae”
Dido
Vergil: “The Aeneid”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Dionysus
(also known as Bacchus)
Hesiod: “Theogony”
Euripides: “The Bacchae”
Aristophanes: “The Frogs”
Electra
Aeschylus: “The Libation Bearers” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Sophocles: “Electra”
Euripides: “Electra”
Euripides: “Orestes”
Seneca the Younger: “Agamemnon”
Enkidu
Anonymous: “Gilgamesh”
Erinyes (Furies)
Hesiod: “Theogony”
Aeschylus: “The Libation Bearers” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Aeschylus: “The Eumenides” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Euripides: “Orestes”
Eteocles
Aeschylus: “Seven Against Thebes”
Euripides: “The Phoenician Women”
Seneca the Younger: “Phoenissae”
Gilgamesh
Anonymous: “Gilgamesh”
Glauce
Euripides: “Medea”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Medea”
Grendel
Anonymous: “Beowulf”

Hector
Homer: “The Iliad”
Hecuba
Euripides: “Hecuba”
Euripides: “The Trojan Women”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Troades”
Helen
Homer: “The Iliad”
Homer: “The Odyssey”
Hesiod: “Theogony”
Euripides: “The Trojan Women”
Euripides: “Helen”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Heracles/Hercules
Hesiod: “Theogony”
Sophocles: “The Trachiniae”
Sophocles: “Philoctetes”
Euripides: “Alcestis”
Euripides: “Heracleidae”
Euripides: “Heracles”
Aristophanes: “The Birds”
Aristophanes: “The Frogs”
Apollonius of Rhodes: “The Argonautica”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Hercules Furens”
Hermione
Euripides: “Andromache”
Euripides: “Orestes”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Hippolytus
Euripides: “Hippolytus”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Seneca the Younger: “Phaedra”
Ion
Euripides: “Ion”
Iphigenia
Euripides: “Iphigenia at Aulis”
Euripides: “Iphigenia in Tauris”
Ismene
Sophocles: “Antigone”
Sophocles: “Oedipus at Colonus”
Jason
Euripides: “Medea”
Apollonius of Rhodes: “The Argonautica”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Medea”
Jocasta
Sophocles: “Oedipus the King”
Euripides: “The Phoenician Women”
Seneca the Younger: “Oedipus”
Seneca the Younger: “Phoenissae”
Medea
Euripides: “Medea”
Apollonius of Rhodes: “The Argonautica”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Medea”
Megara
Euripides: “Heracles”
Seneca the Younger: “Hercules Furens”
Menelaus
Homer: “The Iliad”
Homer: “The Odyssey”
Sophocles: “Ajax”
Euripides: “Andromache”
Euripides: “The Trojan Women”
Euripides: “Helen”
Euripides: “Orestes”
Euripides: “Iphigenia at Aulis”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Thyestes”
Neoptolemus
Sophocles: “Philoctetes”
Euripides: “Andromache”
Odysseus/Ulysses
Homer: “The Iliad”
Homer: “The Odyssey”
Sophocles: “Ajax”
Sophocles: “Philoctetes”
Euripides: “Hecuba”
Euripides: “Cyclops”
Vergil: “The Aeneid”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Seneca the Younger: “Troades”
Oedipus
Sophocles: “Oedipus the King”
Sophocles: “Oedipus at Colonus”
Euripides: “The Phoenician Women”
Seneca the Younger: “Phoenissae”
Seneca the Younger: “Oedipus”
Orestes
Aeschylus: “The Libation Bearers” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Aeschylus: “The Eumenides” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Sophocles: “Electra”
Euripides: “Andromache”
Euripides: “Electra”
Euripides: “Iphigenia in Tauris”
Euripides: “Orestes”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Seneca the Younger: “Agamemnon”
Paris
Homer: “The Iliad”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Peleus
Euripides: “Andromache”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Penelope
Homer: “The Odyssey”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Perseus
Hesiod: “Theogony”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Phaedra
Euripides: “Hippolytus”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Seneca the Younger: “Phaedra”
Philoctetes
Sophocles: “Philoctetes”
Polymestor
Euripides: “Hecuba”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Polynices
Aeschylus: “Seven Against Thebes”
Sophocles: “Oedipus at Colonus”
Euripides: “The Phoenician Women”
Seneca the Younger: “Phoenissae”
Polyphemus
Homer: “The Odyssey”
Euripides: “Cyclops”
Polyxena
Euripides: “Hecuba”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Priam
Homer: “The Iliad”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Prometheus
Hesiod: “Works and Days”
Hesiod: “Theogony”
Aeschylus: “Prometheus Bound”
Aristophanes: “The Birds”
Pylades
Aeschylus: “The Libation Bearers” (“Oresteia Trilogy”)
Sophocles: “Electra”
Euripides: “Electra”
Euripides: “Iphigenia in Tauris”
Euripides: “Orestes”
Semele
Hesiod: “Theogony”
Euripides: “The Bacchee”
Telemachus
Homer: “The Odyssey”
Theseus
Hesiod: “Theogony”
Sophocles: “Oedipus at Colonus”
Euripides: “Hippolytus”
Euripides: “The Suppliants”
Euripides: “Heracles”
Ovid: “Heroides”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Hercules Furens”
Seneca the Younger: “Phaedra”
Thyestes
Seneca the Younger: “Thyestes”
Tiresias
Homer: “The Odyssey”
Sophocles: “Antigone”
Sophocles: “Oedipus the King”
Euripides: “The Phoenician Women”
Ovid: “Metamorphoses”
Seneca the Younger: “Oedipus”
Xerxes
Aeschylus: “The Persians”

 
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Introduction | Ancient Greece | Ancient Rome | Other Ancient Civilizations
Timeline | Alphabetical List of Authors | Index of Individual Works | Index of Important Characters | Sources
 
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